2012 10 03 EES Conference: "Evaluating climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts in Kenya"
By Viviene Charity Awino Simwa.
Evaluation is globally being adapted as a critical component in the implementation of policies, programmes and projects. The inclusion omonitoring and evaluation (M&E) in the planning process and as a management tool ensures that policy makers and project managers makdecisions from a knowledgeable point of view. In Kenya, Monitoring and Evaluation as an instrument of knowledge management waofficially embraced by the government in 2003 at the election of the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) government into power taking ovefrom the KANU party which had been in power for twenty four years. This was done by way of introducing a National Integrated Monitoring
and Evaluation System (NIMES) which aimed to track the implementation of public sector programmes within the Public Sector Reforms.
Since 2005, the government of Kenya has been able to provide yearly progress reports on the implementation of the National DevelopmenPlans. The period 2003--2007, found Kenya implementing the Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation (ERSWECwhich gave way to the Kenya Vision 2030 which aims at enabling the country achieve middle income levels by the end of the plan periodTo ensure successful implementation of development programmes, the government is actively supporting the implementation of the NIMEwhich provides a platform for integrating monitoring and evaluation components from various sectors of the economy.
Core to the efforts of tracking progress in the implementation of policies and programmes is the challenge of c undertaking evaluation thawould provide evidence for decision making. Kenya is amongst those countries that are grappling with the addressing climate mitigation and adaptation. Presently, the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources has embarked on an action plan making process for thNational Framework for Climate Change Knowledge Management and Capacity Development. This framework is expected to provide: Longterm National Low Carbon Development Pathway; Enabling Policy and Regulatory Framework; National Adaptation Plan; NationallAppropriate Mitigations Actions (NAMAS); National Technology Action Plan; National performance and Benefit Measurement; KnowledgManagement and Capacity Development. This is a process that is bound to provide an opportunity to the Kenyan citizen to actively engagin climate mitigation and adaptation issues.
This presentation and the related paper will attempt to examine how evaluation can be used to evidence for climate adaptation and mitigation. It will examine rights and responsibilities invested in governments as embodied in the various instruments t especially in the case of Kenya and how monitoring and evaluation can be used as a tool for assisting the promotion of transparency and accountability and the opportunity provided by the Kenya 2010 Constitution.