Alternative fuel and digital transport innovations on show


A U.N. Environment Program report says the world needs to slash its annual greenhouse gas emissions by an additional 12 billion-14 billion metric tons by 2030 to have a chance of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
That's the temperature goal that countries agreed to in the Paris pact, which takes effect Friday after countries ratified it much faster than anticipated.
Technology may provide some answers.
Breakthroughs in transport and alternative fuels are being showcased at the fourth Fuel Choices summit in Tel Aviv

Innovators and researchers have gathered in Tel Aviv for the fourth time running to showcase breakthroughs in transport and alternative fuels.
The display includes foldable scooters, electrical motorcycles and software for autonomous driving of vehicles. A host of innovations are aimed at lowering the cost of energy production and use.
One such invention by researchers at Israel's Ariel University is a system based on a chemical reaction that can generate hydrogen for use in an electrical car.
Founder and Head of the Centre for Hybrid Energy Systems at Ariel University Alex Schechter explains that sodium reacts with water to create hydrogen gas.
"It is based on a chemical reaction that generates the hydrogen on demand so that when you ignite your car the hydrogen starts to flow. When it flows you have electricity, it charges the battery and then you move on. But the uniqueness of this system is that the hydrogen is stored very densely, unlike a hydrogen gas tank that takes high pressure and low density of energy, here we are talking about something close to 8 percent of the weight versus, 2 or 3 percent in other options."
Schechter says instead of carrying batteries users can mix sodium with water to produce the reaction which will provide the same amount of energy as over two dozen kilogrammes of batteries.
The annual event attracts tens of thousands of people as alternative fuels and smart mobility find more use in today's technologies and industries.
Take for example an electrical plane which could be the future of flying according to Omer Bar Yohay, the CEO of Aviation Ltd. The invention is effectively a drone that can fit up to 6 people.
"What you see behind me is a model of our full scale aircraft. The full scale will take 6 people, fly 1000 kilometres at a speed of over 400 kilometres per hour and it will do it in a price that is comparable to what you would pay for your train, or what you would pay for using your car and that's the real game changer", says Bar Yohay.
Also on display is a new Fiat 500 which uses a blend of gasoline and methanol from 0 up to 15 percent. As a hybrid car this will also be a fuel saving car.
Israel is a world leader in Information Technology and attracts investors from around the world. Eyal Rosner, chairman of "Fuel Choices Initiative", says the introduction of digital technologies to the world of modern transport has put the Middle Eastern country on the map in terms of transport innovation.
"Israel historically never had a transportation industry but recently transportation is moving into the digital world and Israel is very strong in the digital world, so we see a lot of that but all this digital world is also a lot of energy savings", Rosner says.
Organisers say over 22,000 people are attending the summit, which was organised with the help of Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu's office.
The summit ends on 3 November 2016.

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