Waste Heat Recovery and Thermo Electric Voltaic System For Electric Power Generation

Due to miss-management between demand and supply, the catastrophic outages and time-variant load patterns have posed a complex problem for the energy management policy makers in Pakistan. Waste Heat Recovery System (WHRS) in Smart Grid (SG) application is considered as a promising solution to overcome the energy crisis in Pakistan. The extensive amount of waste heat is generated in various sectors, such as residential, commercial, and industrial.
Thermo-Electric Voltaic Systems (TEVSs) are modelled to convert waste heat energy into useful electric energy. The amount of energy or power generated depends on the intensity of heat utilized and wasted. For example, in winter season, every room utilize gas heaters in homes to keep themselves warm; a lot amount of waste heat is generated in residential cooking gas stoves, water boilers, hotels, and commercial areas. The motive of WHRS and TEVS is to capture the waste heat for electric power generation. Lack of power reserves, results in continuous load shedding for hours, persisting in every region of Pakistan. With the aforesaid system, power will be generated from the micro to macro level, loads will be dispatched with this power, and rest of the power will be exported to the main grid. With this smart grid application, the promising features, such as grid support and load management will be controlled effectively. Moreover, modelling and analysis of the proposed model will be investigated in detail. Furthermore, computer simulations using MATLAB will be explored for Residential and Commercial loads. Finally, the performance validation will be elaborated by comparing simulated results with experimental installations in the aforesaid sectors.
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